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Offshore/subsea systems

# Plug-In Platforms: The Push for Offshore Electrification

## Oil and gas operators around the globe are targeting reductions in offshore carbon emissions, and facilities electrification is the key that will help them meet their goals.

The energy transition march toward net zero moves to different beats all around the world. With much of the initial focus on industry and what it can do to help curb CO2 emissions, attention soon turns to the worst offenders.

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency in 2020, one quarter of all CO2 emissions came from electricity generation. Approximately 60% of our electricity comes from burning fossil fuels, mostly coal and natural gas. Coming in second, at 24%, was industry. Greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions from industry primarily come from burning fossil fuels for energy, as well as GHG emissions from certain chemical reactions necessary to produce goods from raw materials.

While these numbers pertain to the US, they ring mostly true around the globe where across the Atlantic Ocean some oil and gas companies are facing the challenge on both fronts by working to eliminate gas-fired turbines that generate electricity offshore. No country has done more with offshore electrification to date than Norway.

Oil and gas extraction on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) accounts for 27% of the country’s total CO2 emissions. Norway’s top producer Equinor has been on the forefront of offshore electrification for almost 3 decades. Electrification requires an efficient solution to convert electric power transmitted to an offshore field into mechanical motion to operate components. Size, weight, efficiency, cost, and equipment availability play key factors in determining the outcome. Historically, the solution has been the use of shore power but today, innovative approaches can be implemented using renewable sources.