Sand management/control

This paper outlines issues to be resolved during facility design and provides guidelines, calculations, and examples for sand-handling steps to be implemented after separation.
The authors of this paper describe a coating designed for enhanced erosion resistance for standard wire-wrapped screens that consists of ceramic or hard metal applied by plasma spraying.
With the higher adaptation of flow-control devices in recent years to improve flow segmentation and reduce the premature failure of sand control because of highly localized flow, flow-control-device implementation is becoming an integral part of sand-management strategy.

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