Subsea Injection Systems Enable Carbon Capture and Sequestration
This paper presents a discussion of main concepts, challenges, and opportunities relating to subsea system design for CO2 injection in carbon capture and sequestration applications.
The complete paper presents a discussion of challenges and opportunities relating to subsea system design for CO2 injection in carbon capture and storage (CCS) applications. The scope of the text includes field development considerations, systems operation and control, intervention, monitoring, and barrier testing. A global review of existing and planned CCS developments is used to identify common system characteristics and core functional requirements. The paper reviews topics associated with CO2 transportation, injection, and storage across multiple disciplines to provide holistic guidance and commentary specifically for subsea system design relating to CO2 injection for CCS applications.
For widespread adoption of CCS, dedicated geologic carbon storage (GCS) must be a commercially viable activity.