Ultradeep Resistivity Tool Maps Waterfloods Effectively
This paper describes the deployment of an ultradeep electromagnetic directional-resistivity instrument to map injection-water movement.
Abu Dhabi’s thick Lower Cretaceous carbonate reservoirs experience injection water overriding oil. The water is held above the oil by negative capillary pressure until a horizontal borehole placed at the reservoir base creates a small pressure drawdown. This causes the water above to slump unpredictably toward the horizontal producer, increasing water cut and eventually killing the well under natural lift after a moderate amount of oil production. Water slumping is difficult to forecast using the reservoir model.