Offshore/subsea systems

Wave Energy Converters Hold Key to Using Renewables for Subsea Power

This paper describes development of a fully integrated system for the provision of low-carbon, remote power and communications using wave energy converters.

Blue X sea trials offshore Orkney in 2021.
Fig. 1—Blue X sea trials offshore Orkney in 2021.
SPE 210910.

The levels of power required to operate an offshore oil and gas field with 100% renewable energy are such that even offshore wind is unlikely to cost-effectively provide the levels of uptime needed to maintain reliable production without some form of energy storage. Providing a combination of technologies to maintain a balanced renewable energy supply system is key. In the complete paper, the authors focus on the use of wave energy converters (WECs), in combination with energy storage, to deliver benefits when powering offshore assets in situ, especially when continuous power requirements are in the 10–100 kW range.


In 2020, a UK industry collaborative project, Renewables for Subsea Power (RSP), was launched and co-funded by the Net Zero Technology Centre. RSP is a phased demonstration project involving three technology developers (Mocean Energy, Verlume, and Modus), a first-tier international services company (Baker Hughes), and a major North Sea operator (Harbour Energy). Given the focus on ramping up the energy transition, in 2022 another major North Sea operator (Serica Energy) and an autonomous resident vehicle supplier (Transmark Subsea), who replaced Modus, also joined the project as part of the final phase (Phase 3) of activities.

RSP aims to develop a complete, fully integrated system for the provision of the following:

  • Low-carbon remote power and communications using a WEC as the effective power source
  • A subsea energy-storage system for power conditioning
  • Smooth and uninterruptable power delivery to subsea production control systems
  • Residential underwater vehicles for a variety of monitoring or maintenance activities

Throughout the three phases of RSP, project partners will design, build, and test all elements of the combined system.

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