Applications of Artificial Neural Networks for Seismic Facies Classification
The work and the provided methodology provide a significant improvement in facies classification.
Facies classification using data from sources such as wells and outcrops cannot capture all reservoir characterization in the interwell region. Therefore, as an alternative approach, seismic facies classification schemes are applied to reduce the uncertainties in the reservoir model. In this study, a machine-learning neural network was introduced to predict the lithology required for building a full-field Earth model for carbonate reservoirs in southern Iraq. The work and the methodology provide a significant improvement in facies classification and reveal the capability of a probabilistic neural network technique.
The use of machine learning in seismic facies classification has increased gradually during the past decade in the interpretation of 3D and 4D seismic volumes and reservoir characterization work flows.